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Немецкий язык > Deutsch für Euch > Learn German - Episode 13: The German Personal Pronouns

hello lighter ich bin catcher on the

Shredderma­n Academy floors on the other

Dodge for ice it's been a while since we

did some grammar so I thought it will be

time to get back to that because it's so

much fun right this week we'll take a

look at the German personal pronouns

these are needed for conjugatin­g verbs

among other things so I thought it would

be good to take a look at them before we

get to that word group also it's

probably better to go one step at a time

just like in English and many other

languages there are six stages of

personal pronouns in German three

singular verbs and three plural forms

while the third person singular involves

all gender-bas­ed variation there is in

that specific language meaning he/she/it

our personal pronouns are h du e zi s

via iya z although german is such an

unusually often capitalize­d language all

over personal pronouns are spelled with

lowercase first letters including the

word for I ish we're humble about

ourselves not like you English speakers

the only exception to this kicks in when

addressing somebody who respectful­ly you

may remember I've already mentioned this

before in that case nowadays we use Z

with a capital S this has not come from

the female third-pers­on singular but

from the third-pers­on plural so you're

basically applying the pugilist Maya

status to the person you're speaking to

and you're also not speaking to them

directly but rather than third-pers­on at

least that is what it would be if you

break it down to where it comes from but

that's not important the reason why this

is important to you is because the verbs

are conjugated accordingl­y

meaning when addressing somebody

respectful­ly you do not conjugate the

verb according to the second person

singular but to the third person plural

don't worry I'll bring that up again

when we learn how to conjugate fun fact

until a few centuries ago in German like

in both old and modern French people use

the second person singular to formally

address people so yeah with the capital

I if you think about it that was really

more personal than our modern-day

respectful form but it feels more

distant to us now out of sheer habit

interestin­gly enough though there were

times in the

asked when addressing somebody

respectful­ly was done through the third

person singular does he wish to have

beer with his breakfast or something

like that I guess Germans just need a

change every now and then when it comes

to that

so again just in case I confused you

with all this nowadays to talk to

somebody respectful­ly we use the

capitalize­d version of the third-pers­on

plural Z let's repeat the personal

pronouns once again if do a SZ s via

eeeh Z I would sing it for you right now

but I'm still sick and so I won't and

that is the only reason anyway that's it

for today practice practice practice

and get excited for some more grammar

your random word of the week is flusher

water is good for you this nice vaca


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