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Немецкий язык > Deutsch für Euch > German Possessive Pronouns - Basics Learn German Deutsch Für Euch 54

hila loiter Espen Katya want is a Dodge

for ice I'm back and we can finally get

back to grammar because I finally have

time for that stuff again yay so today

we will start with the topic that

hopefully will clear up some confusion

about pronouns and that is the

possessive pronouns a German you might

remember that I talked about the

personal pronouns relatively early on

that means h2 as yes etc if you have no

idea what I'm talking about right now

make sure to check those videos out

first if you do know what I'm talking

about it might still not be that bad of

an idea to refresh your memory because

it will help with some of the upcoming

forms or pretty much all of the upcoming

forms you might also want to rewatch

episode 10 again which was about the

cases just to get an overview about what

those do again and yes before any of you

asked I do plan on making episodes on

the individual cases in the future so

for now just to make sure that everybody

is on the same page personal pronouns

are what we use to refer to mostly

people but also things with a third

person without using a noun or name

meaning their general terms that mostly

work through making clear what sort of a

relation they have to with the speaker

possessive pronouns so the things that

we're going to talk about today are

different they express you guested

possession they're also of course

generalize­d terms and they also use the

speaker as a reference point meaning the

person from whose perspectiv­e we're

seeing something like personal pronouns

they only replace an article meaning

that we can't have a possessive pronoun

and an article referring to the same

noun that doesn't work in English either

by the way you can say that is the my

mother in English the possessive

pronouns are mine and my yours and your

his and his hers and hers it's an it's

ours an hour again yours and your and

theirs in there yeah my weird finger

Canon just got a little out of hand

so fairly easy right we have two groups

here

mine and my of which one is used

attributiv­ely my meaning that is the

kind that replaces the article that

means it is connected to a noun in the

same clause as in that is my mother the

other kind the ones like mine replace a

noun or you might also want to say they

imply it so you can have a dialog like

this whose mother is that mine so you

can see there you couldn't say my mother

because mine replaces the noun so that

means these can't be used if it's not

clear from the context or previous

utterance so something that's already

been said which noun they refer to or

rather are standing in for these two

versions exist in German too but as you

may have guessed as always there is a

bit more to it than that firstly of

course we decline the possessive

pronouns just like we do with adjectives

and the personal pronouns meaning that

there are eight forms for every

possessive pronoun for singular and for

for plural additional­ly we need every

possessive pronoun in the singular to

have one option for each one of the

three genders why well let's take a look

let's compare these two sentences death

is mine hunt thus is zina katsu now we

can see from this that a German

possessive pronoun is selected by three

standards firstly who is the person that

owns something here meaning what

grammatica­l person a number and if it's

the third person singular what gender do

we need for the person that is the owner

something secondly what is the number

and gender of the thing that is owned so

meaning we need to know is it singular

or plural and if it is singular we need

to know if it's female male or neutral

and lastly we need to know what is the

grammatica­l function of the thing that

is owned not the owner

this helps us find out what case to use

so when translatin­g the sentence I can

see my brother we have to ask ourselves

the following questions firstly from

whose perspectiv­e are we seeing this or

more simply who owns something in this

sentence the answer is the speaker

herself

which means that we need the first

person singular ish and the recording

possessive pronouns mine mine mine

second question what number and gender

does the position have in this case we

have dear Buddha which is a male noun

and it's just one so we need the

singular so pulling all that together we

need the singular male version of the

possessive pronoun for the first person

singular and that is mine and then

lastly to be able to put it into a

sentence the last question what's the

function of the possession meaning what

case does the possession have to be in

here we're working with a verb Zen which

calls for an acquisitiv­e object

so both Buddha and mine need to stand in

the accusative for Buddha that's rather

easy because it just stays the same but

for the male mind the Equality form is

minun so we would end up with a sentence

ish can mine Buddha's e'en and the same

thing happens with the alone standing

possessive pronouns they also get

declined but the difference is that like

I said before the noun that they refer

to cannot stand in the same sentence

meaning we could have this dialogue

whose brother are you seeing mine vessel

boo disease - minun or to make it longer

ish via mining in this case the lone

standing and the attributed form are the

same but this is not always the case but

again for this we also took the number

and the gender of the thing that is

possessed the Buddha plus the case it

needs to stand and based on in this case

the verb it is combined with in this

case we need the acquisitiv­e and use

that to find out what possessive pronoun

to use this is the process you need to

work through when trying to find out

what possessive pronoun to use it is not

this lengthy of course normally if

you're completely lost you should know

you know the protocol so you can go step

by step but normally this should and I

think we'll for most of you come more

intuitivel­y once you know all the forms

and practice them a bit the essential

thing for this of course is knowing what

gender your noun is and this is exactly

why at this point I like to imagine a

distressed grown from those of

you will always like to kind of skip

over the genders when studying yeah

they're pretty important sorry anyway

that's how it's done so if you did math

earlier you might already be panicking

at the thought of how many possessive

pronouns there are a total because if

you crunch all the numbers you get to a

nice condensed ninety six forms but

think back to episode on declining

adjectives remember how quickly we

reduce the then scary-look­ing number of

48 yeah we're kind of doing something

similar here unlike the personal

pronouns the possessive pronouns have

actual endings for the cases and those

endings just happen to be the exact same

endings as those for the undefined

articles they're also the same as for

the defined articles for the most part

but there is one or two or three forms

in the defined articles that are unique

so I want to say you know undefined

articles because there is actually 100%

so if we take the whole table that we

would end up with and try to reduce it

we would end up with six endings in

total those endings are the so-called 0

ending n L M s E of course not quite as

neat as are for different endings for

adjectives but still pretty doable I'd

say you don't need to learn these as a

list by the way this is just to put

things into perspectiv­e although if you

find that easier of course you can learn

them like this so the bigger part here

is yet again learning when to use which

ending and of course the stems of the

possessive pronouns themselves so for

next 8 grammar sessions that is exactly

what we will be doing that is two

sessions for every case one singular one

plural so meaning next time we will talk

about the nominative for the entire

singular that is ish do SES now as you

know normally I try to alternate between

grammar and vocabulary with you know a

little exception in between like

pronunciat­ion or trivia or whatever but

for this I would actually like to do

eight weeks of grammar in a row because

you will have to repeat everything from

last

week and the weeks before preferably

before every session anyway and I think

that will come a lot easier if the pause

in between is only one week if you do it

by my schedule of course so eight weeks

pure grammar and just you know random

azaria regular verbs of the week and

yeah but I hope that that will actually

help you you know get a good grip on

this topic but yeah anyway that's it for

today I'm glad to be back and I will see

you again next Tuesday for a first real

possessive pronouns session until then

your random word of the week is day I

get butter literally means money bag

many people also still call this pot

money which is a kind of germanized

pronunciat­ion version of pot ammonium

which is a French word obviously which

pretty much used to be the normal word

for this for a while while French was

very chic so yeah that's that's an

alternativ­e but they still offer truth

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